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Dengue rise in Sri Lanka 2019. What you need to know!

Dengue: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment & Prevention

Per the Epidemiology Unit website of Ministry of Health of Sri Lanka, as of May 2019 there have been 18760 cases of Dengue reported from all over the island in Sri Lanka. Experts are predicting a Dengue epidemic in Sri Lanka this year.

Dengue is the most significant mosquito-borne disease other than Malaria. Dengue fever is caused by a virus of the RNA category. It is spread by the bite of two distinct species of mosquitoes – Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus. This causes high fever, rashes, pain behind the eye and severe joint pain like most other viral fevers. Dengue is marked by an extreme fever that can be devastating for both you and your family. If untreated this can result in severe internal bleeding and a decline in blood pressure which cause death.

So, what could happen if this is left untreated?

Known Facts About Dengue:

Here are some facts that you better you may find useful to know about the dengue fever and its dangers.

  • Dengue fever has no antibiotics or vaccines. Its symptoms are treated to help resolve the issue. This type of treatment is called symptomatic treatment, where the diseases are cured by treating its symptoms.
  • The extreme case of dengue fever like in Sri Lanka which consists of muscle pain and a high fever may last a maximum of two weeks.
  • The symptoms of dengue fever usually begin 4 to 7 days after the bite.
  • With effective medical supervision, the disease will last for no more than 10 days

Dengue Fever Causes:

This fever is usually caused by four different viruses that are spread by Aedes mosquitoes. These disease-spreading mosquitoes thrive near water logging bodies. Here are a few points that may give you an in-depth understanding of the causes and how dengue is spread:

  • You have a high chance of developing dengue fever if you are constantly traveling in tropical areas. Since Sri Lanka is tropical country dengue has been prevalent.
  • If you have been infected with the virus before, it is likely that you may get infected again without proper precaution.

Note: The one main cause of getting infected with a dengue virus is by the mosquito Aedes which carried the virus from an infected person. It is best you keep a mosquito repellent with you or at your home.

Now that you know how dengue is caused, well, so what are the symptoms or signs of identifying this disease apart from the fact that every person would get the fever. Identifying this disease at the earliest will help save you from a lot of competitions that you can ever think of. Here are some symptoms of dengue that you must know about.

Symptoms of Dengue:

  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Pink color rashes
  • Severe headache
  • Pain in the back of the eye
  • High fever
  • Profuse sweating
  • Chills
  • Loss of appetite

Symptoms of dengue fever vary from adults to children. However, here are some signs to know if your child is suffering from dengue fever:

  • High fever
  • Unbearable pain behind the eyes.
  • Severe joint pain, muscle pain and bone pain.
  • Extreme and continuous headaches
  • Pink colored rashes all over the body.
  • Slight bleeding in the nose and gums.

Note: If you or your loved one has any of the above-listed symptoms, then make it a point to consult a doctor at the earliest.

Dengue Treatment:

Dengue has no cure in Sri Lanka or worldwide. However, doctors follow a symptomatic approach to cure the symptoms of this deadly virus. Curing the symptoms are what most hospitals aim and this reduces the impact of the virus.

Dengue treatment is a time-consuming thing and as the symptoms being to wear off, you will feel the illness is coming down. Dengue treatment varies based on the severity of the disease itself. Thus, the treatment for dengue is divided into mild symptoms and severe symptoms.

Treating Mild Symptoms of Dengue:

Here are some ways in which milder symptoms of dengue are treated.

  • Painkillers will be given to bring down your fever
  • The person will be given clean water to drink. This will help re-hydrate the infected with fluids and minerals.

Treating Severe Symptoms of Dengue:

Here are some ways in which severe symptoms are usually treated:

  • Drip fluid also called intravenous fluids (IV) will be given if the person cannot consume fluids by mouth. This treatment is usually used when a person is suffering from dehydration.
  • The person will be hospitalized as he/she must be kept under observation. This will make sure that the person’s symptoms do not get worse.

Dengue Prevention Tips:

You need to clearly understand that dengue has no vaccine or cure. That is why it is essential to know simple life hacks that will help you prevent it. The simplest out of it is to try and avoid mosquito bites. But we all know the mosquito population in Sri Lanka is ever-growing and relentless. So here are a few things you need to pay attention to:

  • Make it a point to use mosquito nets and mosquito repellents.
  • Use window and door screens for your home and this will prevent mosquitoes from entering inside.
  • Well, if there is stagnant water anywhere, then make it a point to dry it up because this can become a breeding ground for infected mosquitoes.
  • Make sure that you remove stagnant water from plant pot plates as this can also bring in a lot of mosquitoes.
  • Use mosquito repellents or patches around kids and places where families sit together.

Note: Makes sure that you keep in mind the above-listed ways to avoid dengue because this disease has no vaccine that can treat it. So, prevention is better than cure.

Do you have any novel methods you use to prevent mosquito bites? Share it with us in the comment section and help our readers.

Read more useful articles below:

  1. How to order medicines online: Sri Lanka’s Most Trusted Online Pharmacy.
  2. Pre-diabetes: Risk Factors, Diagnosis and Prevention.
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