Pre-Diabetes: Risk Factors, Diagnosis and Prevention

Pre-Diabetes, otherwise called borderline diabetes refers to a metabolic condition that could eventually result in type 2 diabetes.

So, what do we mean by Pre-Diabetes? This is a stage that refers to a deficiency of insulin secretion by the human body for metabolic processes like digestion of food.  This is a stage where blood glucose levels are usually very high but not to the extent to be diagnosed under type 2 diabetes.

People with Pre-diabetes may also have a predisposition to heart diseases like heart attack and stroke.

Risk Factors:

  • Overweight
  • Familial Predisposition
  • Physical Inactivity
  • Gestational Diabetes
  • Polycystic ovarian disease.
  • Unhealthy Eating Habits
  • Large Waist Size
  • Sleep Disorders

Progression leading to Type-2 diabetes is one of the most severe consequences of suffering from Pre-Diabetes. Metabolic imbalances corroborated to this include high blood pressure, low levels of good cholesterol (High-Density Lipo Protein) and high levels of triglycerides.

Pre-diabetes can lead to high blood pressure, high cholesterol, heart disease, kidney disorders, blindness and amputation of the lower limb.


Prevention strategies comprise eating a well-balanced and healthy diet, physical exercise, control of body weight and maintaining normal levels of blood pressure and cholesterol level. With regular physical activity, it is easy to prevent pre-diabetes.

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