Antibiotic risks during pregnancy are many and can be harmful to you and your baby. Is it advisable to take antibiotics during pregnancy? What are the risks involved? These are questions that usually plagues new mothers.
What are Antibiotics?
Antibiotics are powerful drugs that fight certain types of infections when used properly. In simple, terms, they either curtail bacteria from spreading or destroy them completely. In cases when the immune system cannot fight excessive bacteria, antibiotics come in handy.
Improper Use of Antibiotics:
Like most cases in recent times, if people abuse antibiotics or use them incorrectly, there are high chances that the bacteria in your body will become resistant to it. This means the bacteria will not respond to any antibiotic you take in the long run and this is one of the cases for high antibiotic risks during pregnancy.
Antibiotics Side Effects:
Major side effects of the antibiotics are related to the digestive system. Some of the side effects include:
- White patches on the tongue
- Loss of appetite
- Abdominal pain
- Allergic reactions such as swelling of lips, face or tongue, and short breath
Study Proves Antibiotics Are Risk To Fetus:
Even during pregnancy antibiotics may be required to treat certain health problems. The risk differs from antibiotic to antibiotic. But, in most cases, the consumption of antibiotics during pregnancy are subject to complications. Some of the rare side effects of antibiotics during pregnancy include:
- Damage to the fetal joint development
- Discoloration of fetal teeth.
Common Causes of Infections During Pregnancy:
Antibiotics risks during pregnancy are many and infections during pregnancy are common and it needs to be treated in an appropriate way. Unnecessary consumption of antibiotics can have serious impacts on the future generation. Most common birth issues associated with antibiotics are:
1) Congenital Heart Defects:
Congenital Heart Diseases happens because of an early developmental problem in the heart’s structure. The defect interferes with the normal flow of blood through the heart, which may affect breathing.
2) Diaphragmatic Hernia:
This usually occurs when the abdominal organs move upwards into your chest region through a small opening in the diaphragm. This is again found after the baby is born or sometimes later in life.
3) Congenital Limb Defects/Abnormalities:
This type of defect usually occurs when the upper part or lower part of your limb fails to form normally during fetus formation. This usually happens when the baby is developing in the uterus. This could possibly be the worst nightmare for a parent with a huge expectation for a healthy child.
4) Choanal Atresia:
It is a deficiency that happens due to the consumption of antibiotics during pregnancy wherein the fetuses nasal airway get blocked in the process of formation. It is a condition that happens by birth. This condition is more common among female infants. This is mostly diagnosed shortly after birth.
Anencephaly is a deficiency that happens during the fetus formation. Once the baby is born, it may not have a skull over the back of the head. In some cases, babies may not a skull around the front and sides of the head. Anencephaly is considered as a fatal malfunction of the skull and the brain. It is a condition that occurs at birth that affects the formation of the brain and the skull bone. This results in minimal development of the brain for the fetus. The infant suffering from this deficiency can survive for a few hours, days or even weeks.
Doctors may prescribe antibiotics to prevent infection from spreading to other parts of your body. These antibiotics are prescribed depending on the infection prevalence in the body.
Antibiotic risks during pregnancy are real and in this case, you need to consult your doctor to know if you can continue taking antibiotics without damaging the fetus.
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