Loss of fluids is one of the major causes of dehydration. When the excess loss of fluid from the body is not compensated by its intake you get dehydrated. Water performs various vital functions in the body. It acts as a medium for metabolism and excretion of wastes, as a lubricant and regulation of constant body temperature.
People with chronic conditions, athletes and individuals residing at higher altitudes are more likely to develop dehydration. Diabetes, Cystic fibrosis, renal disorders, and adrenal gland disorders are some of the diseases that pose a risk of dehydration. In some cases, alcoholism can also lead to dehydration.
The reduced water level can result in serious health complications like low blood pressure, kidney stones, heat stroke, urinary tract infection, and renal failure. In extreme cases individuals, have been known to exhibit seizures and even, death, due to minimal oxygen supply to body tissues. Symptoms of dehydration may vary per the severity of the condition.
Signs and Symptoms
- Low blood pressure
- Less frequent urination
- Darker urine
- Headache and dizziness
- Dry mouth
- Muscle weakness and frequent cramps
- Increased heart rate
Dehydration is usually treated by compensating for the lost body of water by intake of fluids. Patients are advised to avoid taking products that contain caffeine and soda and are prescribed medication to treat underlying causes of dehydration. However, prevention of dehydration by regular fluid intake and eating foods high in water such as vegetables and fruits is the best strategy in maintaining regular functioning of the body.
Drinking water has a range of benefits apart from keeping you hydrated, learn more below: